University of Illinois Urbana‑Champaign

Language: Limited English-Speaking Households

A “limited English-speaking” household is one in which all members age 14 and older have at least some difficulty with English.

The word hello written in multiple languages

The U.S. Census Bureau defines “limited English-speaking” household as one in which no member 14 years old and over (1) speaks only English or (2) speaks a non-English language and speaks English “very well.”

Language numbers are provided for:

  • Number of limited English-speaking households, Spanish
  • Number of limited English-speaking households, other languages

Source of data: IECAM demographers prepare estimates of limited English-speaking households based on the Census Bureau’s Population Estimates Program and the American Community Survey, 5-year estimates.

These data are available for all geographic regions on the IECAM database and Regional Reports.

Note: Because of pandemic-related disruptions, the U.S. Census Bureau has warned there will be somewhat larger margins of error for data collected in 2020. This will affect the 5-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates reported on IECAM for 2020, 2021, 2022, and, when available, 2023 and 2024.

Years available: 2000, 2005–2022