Remember those reasons why groups and agencies collect data? The first one was that they are simply required to. The law may require them to collect data. Or, a Board of Directors may wish for a certain company to collect data. Actually, according to Herzog (Data Literacy: A User's Guide), laws are one of the biggest motivators for government agencies to collect data.Case in point: The U.S. Coast Guard has a Boating Accident Report Database that holds data about recreational accidents reported to state law-enforcement authorities. This database provides statistics for boating accident trends. Although clearly a benefit to the public, the main reason this database exists is because of a law (State Marine Casualty Reporting System, 1983, was established in the U.S. Department of Transportation). The same holds true for many other agencies: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's Risk Management Plan database, Department of Education, Office of Head Start (Department of Health and Human Services).