Data are provided for the number of children birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups. Data are based on responses to American Community Survey (ACS) questions, “Does this person speak a language other than English at home?” and “What is this language?” for people age 5 and older. For children under age 5, the data are based on the response to this question by the mother, father or head of household (in order of preference if present in the household).

Our interactive map lets users view the data by year for the Top 10 languages spoken in Illinois that year. Users also can hover their cursor over individual PUMAs to get the specific results for that PUMA. There are also more specific maps for Cook and collar counties, Cook County, and the city of Chicago.

View Common Languages: Below are lists of the Top 30 languages that are spoken or being learned by children birth through age 5 in Illinois from 2012 to the latest year available. These lists are also included in the spreadsheets below.

LanguageList

Spreadsheets (by year):

  • 2012-2019: PUMA group

TypeFile name and linkCaptionSize

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2012 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups 38.4k

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2013 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups 205.2k

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2014 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups 37.9k

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2015 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups170.8k

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2016 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups24.1k

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2017 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups25.4k

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2018 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups24.1k

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2019 SpreadsheetChildren birth through age 5 in households speaking individual languages or related language groups24k

Source of data: IPUMS

The Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS-USA) consists of more than 50 high-precision samples of the American population drawn from 15 federal censuses and from the American Community Surveys of 2000-2019. IPUMS is published and maintained by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota.

Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) are geographic areas for which the Census Bureau provides selected extracts of raw data from a small sample of census records that are screened to protect confidentiality. These extracts are referred to as public use microdata sample (PUMS) files. For the decennial census, each state delineates PUMAs for use in presenting PUMS data. These areas are required to contain at least 100,000 people.

IECAM offers both a map of PUMAS in Illinois and a map of PUMAS superimposed over Illinois counties.

Note: For children age 5, use language of child. For children under age 5, use language of mother; if not mother present, use language of father; if no father present, use language of head of household; if no head of household present, indicate unknown. Thus, the data represent the language spoken by the child or likely being learned by the child.

Note: The fact that a child is reported as speaking or learning one of these non-English languages does not imply that the child does not know or is not learning English also.