University of Illinois Urbana‑Champaign

Poverty Levels: Children Age 5 and Under Living at Various Federal Poverty Levels (FPLs)

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who is in poverty. If a family’s total income is less than the family’s threshold, then that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty. The poverty thresholds are used for statistical purposes.

The poverty guidelines are another version of the federal poverty measure. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issues the poverty guidelines each year in the Federal Register. The poverty guidelines, often referred to as federal poverty levels (FPLs), are used for administrative purposes, for instance, for determining financial eligibility for certain federal programs.

The most common measures of poverty in the United States is the poverty threshold set every year by the U.S. Census Bureau.

Source of data: IECAM demographers prepared estimates of population based on Census Bureau estimates for the following programs or surveys:

  • Population Estimates Program
  • American Community Survey, 5-year estimates