Illinois Children by the Numbers (2021 edition)

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Number of children in Illinois age 5 and under in 2019: 908,741
Percent of total population: 7.1%

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Number of children in Illinois age 2 and under in 2019: 450,730
Percent of total population: 3.5% 

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Illinois counties where the number of births in 2019 were more than in those in 2010: Cass, Clinton, Cumberland, Douglas, Iroquois, Piatt, Pope, Washington, Woodford*  

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Percent of children age 5 and under living in families with income twice, or more than twice, the federal poverty level*: 61.3%

*In 2021, twice the FPL would be $53,000 for a family of four.

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Percent of children under age 5 whose race/ethnicity is described as "Two or More Races, Non-Hispanic or Latino"in 2019: 4.7%
Percent of children under age 5 whose race/ethnicity is described as "Asian, Non-Hispanic or Latino"in 2019: 4.7%

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Number of children age 5 and under living with two working parents in 2019: 587,069
Percent of children age 5 and under living with two working parents in 2019: 66%

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The third most common language spoken or being learned by children birth through age 5 in Illinois in 2019: Polish

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Number of children enrolled in early intervention services in Illinois in 2019: 23,086
Number of childen enrolled in early intervention services in Illinois in 2020: 22,474


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Source: IECAM demographers prepared estimates of population based on Census Bureau estimates from the Population Estimates Program and the American Community Survey (ACS), 5-year estimates

*Data source: Illinois Department of Public Health