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Data are provided for approximately 60-70 languages or language groups. Data are based on responses to ACS questions, “Does this person speak a language other than English at home?” and “What is this language?” for people age 5 and older. For those under age 5, the data are based on the response to this question by the mother, father or head of household (in order of preference if present in the household).

Our interactive map lets users view the data by year and selected languages spoken in Illinois. Users also can hover their cursor over individual PUMAs to get the specific results for that PUMA. There are also more specific maps for Cook and collar counties, Cook County, and the city of Chicago.

Regions in spreadsheets (by year):

  • 2014: PUMA, county
  • 2010-2013: PUMA
  • 2009: PUMA group

Regions in PDFs (by year):

  • 2014: PUMA, county
  • 2010-2013: PUMA
  • 2009: PUMA group

See note below on “Additional information on PUMA regions by year”

Source of data: IPUMS.

Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs) are geographic areas for which the Census Bureau provides selected extracts of raw data from a small sample of census records that are screened to protect confidentiality. These extracts are referred to as public use microdata sample (PUMS) files. For the decennial census, each state delineates PUMAs for use in presenting PUMS data. These areas are required to contain at least 100,000 people. [pumas]

The Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS-USA) consists of more than fifty high-precision samples of the American population drawn from fifteen federal censuses and from the American Community Surveys of 2000-2009. IPUMS is published and maintained by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota.

Note: : Additional information on PUMA regions by year:

  • 2013: PUMA (including: Spanish, Polish, Arabic, Filipino, Tagalog, Urdu, French, Hindi, Chinese, Korean, Telugu, Russian, Gujarathi, German, Italian, Tamil, Ukrainian, Ruthenian, Albanian, Vietnamese, Greek, Malayalam, Kru). In 2013, children were reported speaking 71 languages in Illinois (including English, “unknown,” and several “other” categories).
  • 2012: PUMA (including: Albanian, Amharic or Ethiopian, Arabic, Cantonese, Chinese, Filipino or Tagalog, French, German, Greek, Gujarathi, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kru, Lithuanian, Malayalam, Persian or Iranian or Farssi, Polish, Portuguese, Rumanian, Russian, Serbo-Croatian or Yugoslavian or Slavonian, Spanish, Tamil, Telugu, Ukrainian or Ruthenian or Little Russian, Urdu, Vietnamese). In 2012, children were reported speaking 66 languages in Illinois (including English, “unknown,” and several “other” categories).
  • 2011: PUMA (including: Albanian, Arabic, Bengali, Cantonese, Chinese, Filipino and Tagalog, French, German, Greek, Gujarathi, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Kannada, Korean, Kru, Lithuanian, Malayalam, Panjabi, Persian or Iranian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian or Yugoslavian or Slavonian, Spanish, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu, Vietnamese). In 2011, children were reported speaking 69 languages in Illinois (including English, “unknown,” and several “other” categories).
  • 2010: PUMA (including: Arabic, Bulgarian, Cantonese, Chinese, Filipino and Tagalog, French, German, Greek, Gujarathi, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Kru, Malayalam, Mandarin, Marathi, Pennsylvannia Dutch, Polish, Portuguese, Rumanian, Russian, Serbian, Serbo-Croatian or Yugoslavian or Slavonian, Spanish, Syriac or Aramaic or Chaldean, Telugu, Urdu, Vietnamese). In 2010, children were reported speaking 69 languages in Illinois (including English, “unknown,” and several “other” categories).
  • 2009: PUMA group (including: Arabic, Chinese, Filipino and Tagalog, Hindi, Korean, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Vietnamese). In 2009, children were reported speaking 66 languages in Illinois (including English, “unknown,” and several “other” categories).

View Common Languages: a list of 30 languages most commonly spoken or being learned by children birth through age 5 in Illinois (by year).

Note: Data are based on answer to questions: “Does this person speak a language other than English at home?” and “What is this language?”

Note: For children age 5, use language of child. For children under age 5, use language of mother; if not mother present, use language of father; if no father present, use language of head of household; if no head of household present, indicate unknown. Thus, the data represent the language spoken by the child or likely being learned by the child.

Note: The fact that a child is reported as speaking or learning one of these non-English languages does not imply that the child does not know or is not learning English also.

Note: View more information on IPUMS.

Note: View more information on PUMAs.

Note: You can view maps of PUMAs and Super-PUMAs (PUMAs organized into larger groups) on the IPUMS Web site. superimposed on counties in Illinois. Go to the explanatory page for Composition of PUMAs and Super-PUMAs or go straight to the Illinois map page.