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Migrant and Seasonal Head Start (MSHS) is a program designed to provide comprehensive Head Start services including child development and social services to low-income families working in agriculture, or families who migrate while working in agriculture. MSHS programs are funded directly through the Department of Health and Human Services in Washington, DC.

Source of definition: Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Quality Improvement Center

Date of definition: May 2006

Note: View definitions of data variables related to Migrant and Seasonal Head Start:

Migrant and Seasonal Head Start FY2006, Funded Enrollment

The total number of children that a Migrant and Seasonal Head Start center is funded to enroll at any one time.

Source of data: Illinois Department of Human Services Head Start Collaboration Office

Date of data: FY 2006 (school year 2005-2006)
Geographic region: These data are available by county.

Note: Migrant and Seasonal Head Start grantees are present in nine counties in Illinois. Children served at sites or centers under these grantees may also come from nearby counties. Thus the numbers by county are not an absolute reflection of the numbers of children served in each county.

Migrant and Seasonal Head Start FY2006, Grantee & Delegate Agencies

Agencies or organizations that have received grants, or that work with grantees, to provide Migrant and Seasonal Head Start services in their area.

Source of data: Illinois Department of Human Services Head Start Collaboration Office

Date of data: FY 2006 (school year 2005-2006)
Geographic region: These data are available by county.

Note: View the list of Migrant and Seasonal Head Start delegate agencies.

Note: Migrant and Seasonal Head Start is a program branch of Head Start. Services provided by the Migrant and Seasonal Head Start programs are identical to those of regular Head Start, but meet the specific needs of migrant and seasonal farm worker families. Programs have a unique emphasis on serving infants and toddlers as well as preschool-age children so that they will not have to be cared for in the fields or left in the care of very young siblings while parents are working. Infants as young as 6 weeks of age are served in Migrant and Seasonal Head Start program centers.

Note: Eligibility requirements state that migrant and seasonal farm worker families must: Meet the annual Head Start poverty guidelines, and

Earn their income primarily from agricultural work that involves the production and harvesting of tree and field crops.

The Head Start Act defines MSHS eligible families as: Migrant farm worker families engaged in agricultural labor who have changed their residence from one geographical location to another in the preceding 2-year period

Seasonal farm worker families engaged primarily in agricultural labor and who have not changed their residence from one geographic location to another in the preceding 2-year period.

(Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Quality Improvement Center, Migrant & Seasonal Head Start. Seasons of Change: Harvest of Hope)