Head Start and Early Head Start are comprehensive child development programs that serve children from birth to age 5, pregnant women, and their families. They are child-focused programs and have the overall goal of increasing the school readiness of young children in low-income families.
The Head Start program is administered by the Head Start Bureau, the Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). Grants are awarded by the ACF Regional Offices and the Head Start Bureau’s American Indian – Alaska Native and Migrant and Seasonal Program Branches directly to local public agencies, private organizations, Indian Tribes, and school systems for the purpose of operating Head Start programs at the community level.
Source of definition: Head Start Bureau
Date of definition: May 2006
Note: View definitions of data variables related to Head Start:
The total number of children that a Head Start center is funded by the Head Start Bureau to enroll at any one time.
Source of data: Administration for Children and Families (ACF) Region V
Date of data: FY 2006 (school year 2005-2006)
Geographic region: These data are available by state or county.
Note: The number of children that a Head Start center is funded to enroll at any one time may not be the same as the number that the center will serve over the course of a school year. Because children may leave the site or center and be replaced by other children, the funded enrollment may be less than the total number of children served.
Agencies or organizations that contract with the Head Start Bureau to provide or subcontract Head Start services in their area.
Source of data: Illinois Head Start Association (ILHSA)
Date of data: FY 2006 (school year 2005-2006)Geographic region: These data are available by 47 grantee service areas within the State of Illinois.
Note: View the list of Head Start grantees for FY2007 (FY2006 not available).
Note: Additional information on Head Start can be found on the Administration for Children & Families Office of Head Start page.
Web Resources: Head Start
- Office of Head Start
- How can I get my child into Head Start?
- Head Start: Legislation, Policies & Regulations
- Head Start Timeline
- Head Start Act of 2007
- Early Head Start National Resource Center (EHSNRC)
- Early Childhood Learning and Knowledge Center (ECLKC)
- Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)