Incorporated Places are those that are reported to the Census Bureau as legally in existence as of January 1 of a given year according to the latest Boundary and Annexation Survey, under the laws of their respective states. An incorporated place is established to provide governmental functions for a concentration of people as opposed to a county subdivision (see Townships). Places always are within a single state but may extend across county and county subdivision boundaries. An incorporated place usually is a city, town, village, or borough, but can have other legal descriptions.
Source of definition: U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Geographic Terms and Concepts –Places
Date of definition: July 2012
Note: In Illinois, three names are used for incorporated places: City, Town, Village.
According to the U.S. Census, the requirements for incorporated places in Illinois are the following:
- City. Minimum population requirement of 2,500; if located in Cook County, may incorporate with a minimum of 1,200 residents if the area consists of less than 4 square miles and contains all the registered voters of a township not already within the corporate limits of a municipality.
- Town. No minimum population requirement
- Village. In counties with a population of at least 150,000, a minimum of 2,500 residents are required to incorporate; a minimum of 200 residents are required in other counties..
Note: IECAM uses the term municipality, instead of incorporated place, as an overriding term for these three types of places.
Note on number of municipalities and yearly changes in municipalities: In the 2014 data reported on IECAM, based on the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, there were 1,298 municipalities reported for Illinois. The list of municipalities in Illinois periodically changes as old municipalities are dissolved, new municipalities are incorporated, municipalities undergo boundary changes, or municipalities change their names. Although the number of such changes is very small, nevertheless note that:
- the number of municipalities may change from year to year
- municipality X in one year may not cover the same geographic area as municipality X the following year
- a municipality may not have the same name from one year to the next
Note on data availability by municipality: Almost all site-based data (e.g., child care) and almost all demographic data (e.g., population) are presented by municipality in IECAM. Non-site-based data (e.g., early intervention) are not presented by municipality.
Note on searching municipality by year: When a user searches by year and by municipality in the basic search, IECAM presents results only for those municipalities that existed in that year. When a user searches by municipality and several years in the multi-year search, IECAM presents results for all municipalities that existed in any of the years selected. If the municipality did not exist in one of the selected years, an indication such as “N/A” will appear in that particular table cell.
Note: View a list of Municipalities used in IECAM data:
- Municipalities used in IECAM data for 2014
- Municipalities used in IECAM data for 2011-2013
- Municipalities used in IECAM data for 2010
- Municipalities used in IECAM data for 2009
- Changes in municipalities from data reported on IECAM for 2005-2008 to data reported on IECAM for 2009
- Municipalities used in IECAM data for 2005-2008
Web Resources: Geographic Regions
- IPUMS-USA’s “Composition of PUMAs and Super-PUMAs”
2000 PUMAs and on the composition of the 2000 PUMAs by state
- United States Census Bureau: Geographic Terms and Concepts –
- Illinois Department of Human Services: Division of Human Capital Development (HCD)
- United States Census Bureau: 2010 Census Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA) Reference Maps – Illinois
A list of which counties and/or which parts of counties are associated with which PUMAs, and for maps of the 2010 PUMAs for Illinois