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The Early Head Start program provides grants to local public & private non-profit & for-profit agencies to provide comprehensive child development services to economically disadvantaged families with infants and toddlers and prenatal services to pregnant women.

Early Head Start programs promote school readiness by enhancing the social and cognitive development of children through the provision of educational, health, nutritional, social and other services to enrolled children and families. They engage parents in their children’s learning and help them in making progress toward their educational, literacy, and employment goals. Significant emphasis is placed on the involvement of parents in the administration of local Head Start programs.

The Early Head Start program is administered by the Office of Head Start; Administration on Children, Youth and Families (ACYF); Administration for Children and Families (ACF); Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS).

Source of definition: Office of Head Start

Date of definition: June 2011

Note: View definitions of data variables related to Head Start:

Early Head Start FY2011, Number of sites

The number of sites at which children are served in Head Start.

Source of data: Head Start Collaboration Office, Chicago Department of Family and Support Services, Ounce of Prevention

Date of data: FY2011 (school year 2010-2011)

Geographic region: These data are available by state, county, township, IL State Senate district, IL State House district, ISBE region, IDHS region, municipality, 2000 ZIP code, and Unit and Elementary School District.

Note on sources: The data are derived from three sources:

  • Head Start Collaboration Office provided data for sites outside the City of Chicago.
  • Chicago Department of Family and Support Services provided data for those sites in the City of Chicago for which it served as grantee (the vast majority of the sites).
  • Ounce of Prevention provided data for sites in the City of Chicago for which it served as grantee (a few sites).

Note: The data include funded enrollment for both center-based and home-based Early Head Start. However, the home-based locations are not included in the number of sites nor are their locations plotted on the map of Illinois in the GIS section of the IECAM Web site. See the note in the section below for more information on data about home-based service.

Early Head Start FY2011, Funded Enrollment

The total number of children that an Early Head Start center is funded by the Office of Head Start to enroll at any one time.

Source of data: Head Start Collaboration Office, Chicago Department of Family and Support Services, Ounce of Prevention

Date of data: FY2011 (school year 2010-2011)

Geographic region: These data are available by state, county, township, IL State Senate district, IL State House district, ISBE region, IDHS region, municipality, 2000 ZIP code, and Unit and Elementary School District. See note below for distinctions by region between center-based and home-based enrollment.

Note on sources: The data are derived from three sources:

  • Head Start Collaboration Office provided data for sites outside the City of Chicago.
  • Chicago Department of Family and Support Services provided data for those sites in the City of Chicago for which it served as grantee (the vast majority of the sites).
  • Ounce of Prevention provided data for sites in the City of Chicago for which it served as grantee (a few sites).

Note on center-based and home-based: The data include center-based enrollment and home-based enrollment, depending on geographic region.

All data, both center-based enrollment and home-based enrollment, are available by county and by those geographic regions that are aggregations of counties: state, ISBE region, IDHS region.

Data on center-based enrollment only are available by other regions as well, as noted above.

Data on home-based enrollment are not available by township, municipality, IL State Senate district, IL State House district, 2000 ZIP code, and Unit and Elementary School District. Therefore, the total count for all instances of one of these regions will not add up to the state total. For example, if you add all of the funded enrollment for each IL State Senate district, the sum will be less than the total for the entire state of Illinois.

Note that search results by county may show a county with funded enrollment but no sites. This is because all of the service in that county is home-based.

The home-based funded enrollment also includes services for a small number of pregnant women.

View a list of home-based funded enrollment by county.

Note on number of children served: The number of children that an Early Head Start center is funded to enroll at any one time may not be the same as the number that the center serves over the course of a school year. Because children may leave the site or center and be replaced by other children, the funded enrollment may be less than the total number of children served.

Note on location of children served: The funded enrollment is reported for the location at which the children are served, not the location of the children’s home.

Note on ARRA (American Recovery and Reinvestment Act; P.L. 111-5; signed by President Obama on February 17, 2009): The data on funded enrollment include additional ARRA enrollment.

Head Start FY2011, Grantees

Agencies or organizations that contract with the Office of Head Start to provide or subcontract Early Head Start services in their area.

Source of data: Head Start Collaboration Office, Illinois Head Start Association (ILHSA)

Date of data: FY2011 (school year 2010-2011)

Note: View the list of Head Start and Early Head Start grantees for FY2011 (information from IHSA Web site in FY2011).

Note: Early Head Start is a child development program for low-income families. Each Early Head Start program is responsible for determining its own eligibility criteria. Family income is one key factor in determining eligibility. (See the EHSNRC page)

Additional information can be found at the Office of Head Start’s Early Childhood Learning and Knowledge Center (ECLKC).